Download Animalism: new essays on persons, animals, and identity by Stephan Blatti, Paul F. Snowdon PDF

By Stephan Blatti, Paul F. Snowdon

What are we? what's the nature of the human individual? Animalism has a simple resolution to those long-standing philosophical questions: we're animals. After being missed for a very long time in philosophical discussions of our nature, this concept has lately received huge help in metaphysics and philosophy of brain. It has additionally, among philosophers, occasioned robust competition, although it could be acknowledged to be the view assumed by means of a lot of the medical neighborhood. Essays on Animalism is the 1st quantity to be dedicated to this crucial subject and provides to set the time table for the following degree within the debate.

Containing commonly new papers in addition to hugely very important articles that have been lately released in different places, this volume's individuals comprise either rising voices within the debate and lots of of these who've been instrumental in shaping it. a few of their contributions shield animalism, others criticize it, nonetheless others discover its extra normal implications. The booklet additionally encompasses a huge advent via the editors explaining what animalism is, deciding on prime matters that advantage consciousness, and highlighting a number of the concerns that the participants have raised.

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Extra resources for Animalism: new essays on persons, animals, and identity

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If we deny that human animals are their bodies, we could similarly deny that the thinking part of these animals is their upper brain. In what seems to me the best of the few published defences of the Embodied Part View, McMahan claims that we are the minds of human animals. 16 ‘Animalism’, start of section 7. Mark Johnston, ‘Human Beings Revisited: My Body is Not an Animal’, in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, Volume 3, edited by Dean Zimmerman (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), pp. 54–5. 16 Jefferson McMahan, Killing at the Margins of Life (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), chapter 1.

15 What Olson calls the brain view is, however, only one version of the Embodied Part View. This version is not, I believe, absurd. Some other Animalists claim that, rather than having bodies, we are bodies. On that view, it is our bodies that have our experiences, and think our thoughts. If these other Animalists came to accept the Embodied Part View, they might claim that the animal’s conscious thinking part is not its body but its cerebrum or upper brain. Rather than saying, for example, that Einstein’s body discovered the theory of general relativity, they would say that Einstein’s brain made this discovery.

Animals sneeze by having a part, their nose, that does the sneezing. These facts do not create a Too Many Digesters or Too Many Sneezers Problem. Human animals think, we can similarly claim, by having a part that does the thinking. There are not too many thinkers here. Some Animalists consider this Embodied Part View. 14 Olson rejects this view because he assumes that an animal’s thinking part would have to be claimed to be its brain. Though Olson calls it ‘just about conceivable that the brain view might be true’, he does not include this view among the ‘live options’ that are worth considering.

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