By Yunzhi Geng
This ebook examines intimately the elemental trajectory of the cultural transformation and brings to gentle the extrinsic stipulations and intrinsic mechanisms concerned. It makes a speciality of the interval from after the Opium Wars to the hot tradition circulate, because the New tradition stream should be thought of a pivotal part within the cultural transformation of modern day China. the hot tradition stream was once a progressive eruption brought on by means of the buildup of all of the new qualitative cultural components because the Opium Wars. Superficially, the movement’s target appeared to be to overthrow the normal tradition. yet in essence its precise target was once to behavior an total “screening” of that tradition. The e-book elaborates a large number of issues during this context, together with: the ideological and cultural evolution following the Opium Wars; the urgent demanding situations confronted by way of “Zhong Ti”; the preliminary shaping of social, public and cultural areas and significant developments in ideological and cultural transformation on the finish of the Qing Dynasty; the political disarray and conflicts among the recent and previous ideology within the first years of the Republic; the increase of the recent tradition stream; and the function of conservatism within the transition to a contemporary culture.
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Extra resources for An Introductory Study on China's Cultural Transformation in Recent Times
The writing of genealogical trees for well-known households and clans and of chronicles for their forbears promoted the development of genealogical skills. Even more scholars engaged in personal efforts to investigate history fill in gaps in history and recount history. Particularly worth noting was the emergence of grand masters of historiography who specialized in the writing and compiling of special histories of academics and in summing up and devising historiographic theory and methods. Similar advances and improvements in geographical studies also benefited greatly from the flourishing of kaozheng research.
Makers seated up on high utilized a massive bureaucratic system to rule the people while the people were distantly separated from the imperial court and the emperor by tier upon tier of mendacious officials rife with malpractices. And inconsistencies between claims and realities were the outcome of thousands of years of a degenerate style of academics in China, in which scholars studied books merely to cope with the imperial examinations and much of what they learned served no useful purpose. Feng’s understandings had indeed grasped some of the most important problems, and fundamental reforms in those four respects would have been the only way to bring about China’s self-strengthening.
The rise of philosophical studies, as well as being a reaction to the tendency toward trivial and nugatory examinations and corrections of the classics and a rising quest for new vistas for academic development, was also an inevitable product of the kaozheng examiners’ efforts to sort out and summarize China’s national culture. These philosophical studies brought the long-neglected pre-Qin philosophers and their theories back to their former glory. The books, theories, and essays of Lao Zi, Zhuang Zi, Mo Zi, Han Fei Zi, and even Yang Zi (Yang Zhu 370–319 BC) were now being sorted out by top-notch scholars, their writings and theories were finding wide circulation, and the essence of their teachings was being expounded and propagated.