Download Alpine Plant Life: Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain by Christian Körner PDF

By Christian Körner

Generations of plant scientists were fascinated with alpine vegetation - with the publicity of organisms to dramatic climatic gradients over a truly brief distance. This accomplished textual content treats quite a lot of themes: alpine weather and soils, plant distribution and the treeline phenomenon, physiological ecology of water-, dietary- and carbon kinfolk of alpine vegetation, plant pressure and plant improvement, biomass construction, and elements of human affects on alpine crops. Geographically the publication covers all elements of the area together with the tropics.

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Additional resources for Alpine Plant Life: Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain Ecosystems

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6 1:'~ 6 • 20 • 0- E 15 0) ••• ....... 6 ~66 ~ c ~ a.. 10 Central Alps 2300 m 25 5 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 - 20 () ~ Air temperature (OC) Fig. 9. Plant temperature as modified by plant life form at 3800 m altitude in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado. 5°C at an air temperature of 21°C). He suggested in accordance with Dahl (1951) that such prostrate plants are unable to survive at lower altitudes, because of these pronounced decoupling effects from atmospheric temperature conditions. However, all these data are for bright sunshine and the warmest period of the year in the temperate zone, and thus are exaggerations of much less spectacular trends during most of the remaining periods of plant life at such altitudes.

Within the growing season, temperatures are similar in the alpine zone across latitudes (boundary of shading), whereas atmospheric pressure, and therefore the partial pressure of CO, (and oxygen) in the alpine life zone generally increases with latitude, because of latitudinally decreasing elevation of the alpine zone. (Korner et al. 1991) life (5500 to 6000m in the Himalayas and Andes) plants and animals live at about half the pressure found at sea level. g. Zumbrunn et al. 1983). -lbarbar-I or PaMPa- 1 is always the same, in 1996 ca.

E. the capacity of air to take up more global radiation, the UV fraction is increased at moisture) may be negligable. Vice versa, the high altitude (Caldwell 1968, Caldwell et al. 1989, prevailing "high humidities in high mountains" Blumthaler et al. 1993) with gradients, depending (which meteorological statistics indicate for most on region, season and solar angle, ranging from mountain areas) represent little absolute moisture almost similar to twice as steep as for global radicontent compared with lower altitudes for the ation.

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