By William Yule (auth.), Benjamin B. Lahey, Alan E. Kazdin (eds.)
Advances in scientific baby Psychology is a serial e-book designed to supply researchers and clinicians with a medium for discussing new and cutting edge ways to the issues of youngsters. during this fourth quantity, a gaggle of hugely uncommon authors have defined advanc ing wisdom in a couple of serious components of utilized baby psychology. those comprise early life melancholy, drug abuse, social talents deficits, community-living abilities, the genetics of early life habit problems, and affective states in youngsters. additionally, significant statements on new ways to the evaluation of dysfunctional relatives platforms and the social talents of youngsters, in addition to the more and more very important methodol ogy of epidemiology, are integrated during this quantity. those chapters professional vide a synopsis of the various most crucial advances within the box of scientific baby psychology. the standard of a chain of this kind is, in fact, end result of the caliber of the contributing authors. We think very lucky certainly, hence, to were in a position to appeal to one of these individual workforce of authors to con tribute to this quantity. we're additionally so much appreciative of the advice and suggestions of the consulting editors who supplied us with principles for bankruptcy subject matters and authors and who rigorously reviewed and edited every one bankruptcy. We additionally exhibit our hearty due to Leonard R. velocity of Plenum whose services and aid has continually been generously given. BENJAMIN B. LAHEY ALAN E. KAZDIN ix Contents The Epidemiology of kid Psychopathology 1 William yuletide 1. creation ............................................ .
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Extra resources for Advances in Clinical Child Psychology
More recently, techniques of cluster analysis (Everitt, 1974) have been applied to groups of children according to both the behavioral characteristics which they do have in common and those which they do not. Wolkind and Everitt (1974) found clusters of normal behavior, conduct disorder, and emotional disorder in a study of preschool children. Using discriminant-function analysis, Bartak, Rutter, and Cox (1977) differentiated children with infantile autism from those with developmental receptive dysphasia on the basis of behavioral, language, and cognitive criteria.
2. Follow-Up of Children with Reading Difficulties Both the backward and the retarded readers had made little progress in the intervening years. On average, they scored at the 9-year EPIDEMIOLOGY OF CHILD PSYCHOPATHOLOGY 35 level. Their spelling was even more impaired than their reading. If anything, the brighter children with specific reading retardation had made even less progress than the backward readers. This means that the majority of children found to have severe reading difficulties in their primary school continued to lag far behind in reading and spelling to the end of their compulsory school days.
However, within its own manual, it is quickly apparent that the discrete categories are not founded on the basis of much epidemiological research. The descriptions of each category may appear precise, but the prevalence of most of these categories is unknown. This is clearly illustrated in Table 4, which quotes verbatim from the DSM-III manual. It is pointless to use such comparative phrases as "apparently not uncommon" or "apparently rare" when trying to indicate prevalence rates. Does this mean that 1 %, 10%, or 50% of children display the disorder?