By Matthew Parish
Following the brutal wars which raged within the former Yugoslavia within the early Nineteen Nineties, Bosnia and Herzegovina was once awkwardly partitioned into governing entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. yet there has been one a part of the rustic that may now not be outfitted into both classification: the Breko District, a strategically severe land-bridge among the 2 components of the Bosnian Serb territory. This sector was once the topic of a hugely strange test: positioned less than a regime of the world over supervised executive, Breko turned a ""free city,"" evoking the reminiscence of Trieste or Danzig within the nineteenth century. What has this test in state-building printed concerning the heritage of this stricken nook of the Balkans - and its destiny? What classes could be utilized to clash answer in different elements of the realm? And was once the test winning or have the electorate of Breko suffered extra by the hands of the overseas group? A unfastened urban within the Balkans investigates the increase and fall of Breko and post-war Bosnia and investigates what classes might be realized for foreign peacekeeping missions elsewhere.
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Additional resources for A Free City in the Balkans: Reconstructing a Divided Society in Bosnia (International Library of War Studies)
Bosnia became an absolutist dictatorship. But this power was not wielded by the President of Syria or the Politburo; it was exercised by the UN, in the name of enlightened post-war statebuilding. It should already be obvious to the most casual reader that this model embodies extraordinary dangers, and much of this book is about the problems it caused. But those dangers seemed not to occur to the officials within OHR, and the international community as a whole went along with the international dictatorship of OHR without significant comment.
By contrast, for the liberal peace-builder and his somewhat more hard-nosed post-liberal counterpart, there is an almost Kantian philosophical optimism that these kinds of hatreds and fears can in time be overcome. People are capable of developing rational modes of cooperation from which everybody benefits. Simplistic emotional hatreds and fears can be overridden by a polity based upon reason. The liberal may well be right about this: such things are in principle possible, as is demonstrated by the many multi-ethnic countries that operate well within a liberal political culture.
In an ethnic civil war, everyone becomes fearful of attack by their neighbours from the opposing ethnic group(s). Unlike people of differing ideological views, people from different ethnic groups are easily identifiable and their affiliation is clear. They could attack at any time, and they will be unwaveringly loyal to invading forces from their own ethnic group because they can be easily distinguished from the enemy group. No other group will protect them, so any other course would be foolish.