By Robert C. King
The book of this totally up to date version of A Dictionary of Genetics coincides with the hundredth anniversary of the advent of the time period genetics via William Bateson in 1906 on the 3rd overseas convention on Genetics. because then genetics has made great advances in wisdom and approach and now occupies a pivotal place within the lifestyles sciences because the strongest capacity for probing primary questions in telephone biology, improvement, and evolution. The selection of sequences of entire genomes, the learn of gene expression and genetic edition on an international scale, and the power to swiftly magnify gene sequences and to accomplish designated gene disruptions are only a few examples of significant achievements during this box. Proliferation of recent phrases necessarily accompanies such amazing development. This re-creation of the Dictionary addresses the desires of scholars, educators, and scientific geneticists for an authoritative and updated reference paintings that not just defines the newest phrases, yet generally, additionally offers very important ancillary encyclopedic info. A Dictionary of Genetics is exclusive in that it comprises phrases from a variety of disciplines which now intertwine with genetics, together with molecular biology, mobilephone biology, drugs, botany, and evolutionary experiences. Its 7,000 cross-referenced definitions are supported through a superb choice of line drawings, tables, and chemical formulae. One-fifth of the Dictionary is dedicated to 6 appendices to which the definitions are cross-referenced and which comprise a rare trove of supplementary details. This features a chronology of significant advances spanning the years 1590 to 2005, lists of beneficial websites and periodicals, a class of residing organisms into an evolutionary hierarchy, and a pattern desk of genome sizes and gene numbers. those beneficial properties make A Dictionary of Genetics a lexicon unprecedented within the box. For the 1st time, the Dictionary is out there on Oxford Reference on-line (ORO): top rate assortment!
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Genetics
Aneucentric referring to an aberration generating a chromosome with more than one centromere. aneuploidy the condition in which the chromosome number of the cells of an individual is not an exact multiple of the typical haploid set for that species. The nomenclature employs the sufﬁx somic, as the following examples illustrate. ) are examples of a human trisomic and monosomic, respectively. Nullisomics result from the loss (2N − 2) and tetrasomics from the gain (2N + 2) of a chromosome pair. If more than one different chromosome is lost or gained, the condition is described as doubly monosomic (2N − 1 − 1) or doubly trisomic (2N + 1 + 1).
Gambiae has been shown to contain 278 mbp of DNA and about 13,700 genes. ; Appendix E; intron dynamics, malaria, mariner elements, Minos element, shotgun sequencing. anosmia the absence or loss of the sense of smell. ) or by injury to region(s) in the brain or elsewhere where olfactory signals are processed. Anosmia may also result due to defects in any element of the olfaction signaling pathway. ) found in olfactory receptor neurons exhibit olfactory and chemosensory defects, respectively. Anser anser the Gray Lag goose, a favorite experimental organism for students of animal behavior and its hereditary components.
2. antibody-induced shift in certain protozoans or parasites to a new cell-surface antigen and cessation of expression of another antigen; resulting from switches in gene activity; synonymous in this sense with serotype transformation; compare with antigenic modulation. antigenic determinant a small chemical complex (relative to the size of the macromolecule or cell of which it is a part) that determines the speciﬁcity of an antigen-antibody interaction. That portion of an antigen that actually makes contact with a particular antibody or T cell receptor.