By Albrecht Hesse, Reto Neiger
The color guide offers with all points of urolithiasis in canine, cats, rabbits and guinea pigs—from aetiology and pathogenesis to analysis, remedy and the prevention of sickness recurrence. The authors introduce the reader to remedy protocols constructed from their very own study and event, and comprise foreign state of the art wisdom of the disorder. issues lined within the color instruction manual contain epidemiology, hazards in better half animal husbandry, species-specific changes, breed tendencies, genetic explanations, proper anatomical issues, scientific prognosis, stone composition, scientific pathology and therapy protocols. the color instruction manual is a compact, vast ranging illustrated consultant to facing urinary stones in small animals, of worth to veterinarians in education and perform.
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Extra resources for A Colour Handbook of Urinary Stones in Small Animal Medicine
0 bstructions are more common in male than in female animals. A urinary tract obstruction should be treated as an emergency; untreated cases result in a rapid deterioration in the general status and may even prove life-threatening due to shifts in the electrolyte and acid- base balances. A urethral obstruction can cause shock with reduced perfusion, which in turn leads to azotaemia, metabolic acidosis, hyperkalaemia, hyperphosphataemia, and hypocalcaemia. Reduced hydrogen ion excretion results in metabolic acidosis.
D oes the animal exhibit any pain, and is any urine passed at all? 25 Plugs at the tip of the penis of a tomcat with a urinary tract obstruction. 36 CHAPTER 1 Overview of urinary stones During the clinical examination, a carefitl abdominal palpation is essential. Bladder stones can sometimes be palpated. Rectal palpation is indicated in both male and female dogs, and stones or other changes can sometimes be felt in the urethra. In the event of a urinary tract obstruction, animals are often in a poor general condition (lateral recumbency, bradycardia , and sh ock) and intravenous fluid therapy with a balanced elecu'olyte solution is indicated .
Haemorrhage is relatively common following urethrotomy; suictures are rare. Urohydropropulsion Urohydropropulsion is used to flush one or more stones that are causing obstruction or dysuria out of the lumen of the urethra. If the bladder is very full , cystocentesis may be required prior to urohydropropulsion, to reduce pressure on the bladder wall. Sedation or anaesthesia is required, depending upon me animal's condi tion. T he urethra is initially lubricated with a large volume of 1: 1 physiological saline mixed with sterile watersoluble lubricant; this is instilled through a urinary cameter.